# 嗨害大家好鸭！我是小熊猫❤

## 1.基本语法

``````#Importing Libraries
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import axes3d

#3D Plotting
fig = plt.figure()
ax = plt.axes(projection="3d")

#Labeling
ax.set_xlabel('X Axes')
ax.set_ylabel('Y Axes')
ax.set_zlabel('Z Axes')

plt.show()
``````

## 3.举例

(1) Ex1

``````#!/usr/local/bin/python
# -*- coding: gbk -*-
#******************************
# TEST2.PY                     -- by Dr. ZhuoQing 2020-11-16
#
# Note:
#******************************

from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import axes3d

ax = plt.axes(projection='3d')
x = [1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9]
y = [2,3,4,6,7,8,9,5,1]
z = [5,6,2,4,8,6,5,6,1]

ax.plot3D(x,y,z)
ax.set_xlabel('X Axes')
ax.set_ylabel('Y Axes')
ax.set_zlabel('Z Axes')

plt.show()

#------------------------------------------------------------
#        END OF FILE : TEST2.PY
#******************************
``````

## ▲ 3D plot的演示

(2) Ex2

``````from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import axes3d

ax = plt.axes(projection='3d')

angle = linspace(0, 2*pi*5, 400)
x = cos(angle)
y = sin(angle)
z = linspace(0, 5, 400)

ax.plot3D(x,y,z)
ax.set_xlabel('X Axes')
ax.set_ylabel('Y Axes')
ax.set_zlabel('Z Axes')

plt.show()
``````

## ▲ 3D绘制的例子

(3) Ex3

``````import matplotlib as mpl
from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import Axes3D
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

mpl.rcParams['legend.fontsize'] = 10

fig = plt.figure()
ax = fig.gca(projection='3d')
theta = np.linspace(-4 * np.pi, 4 * np.pi, 100)
z = np.linspace(-2, 2, 100)
r = z**2 + 1
x = r * np.sin(theta)
y = r * np.cos(theta)
ax.plot(x, y, z, label='parametric curve')
ax.legend()

plt.show()
``````

## ➤02 绘制Scatter

``````from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import axes3d

ax = plt.axes(projection='3d')

angle = linspace(0, 2*pi*5, 40)
x = cos(angle)
y = sin(angle)
z = linspace(0, 5, 40)

ax.scatter(x,y,z, color='b')
ax.set_xlabel('X Axes')
ax.set_ylabel('Y Axes')
ax.set_zlabel('Z Axes')

plt.show()
``````

▲ Scatter 的例子

## ➤03 绘制3D Surface

(1) Ex1

▲ 3D surface例子

``````#!/usr/local/bin/python
# -*- coding: gbk -*-
#******************************
# TEST2.PY                     -- by Dr. ZhuoQing 2020-11-16
#
# Note:
#******************************

from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import axes3d

ax = plt.axes(projection='3d')

x = arange(-5, 5, 0.1)
y = arange(-5, 5, 0.1)
x,y = meshgrid(x, y)
R = sqrt(x**2+y**2)
z = sin(R)

ax.plot_surface(x, y, z)
ax.set_xlabel('X Axes')
ax.set_ylabel('Y Axes')
ax.set_zlabel('Z Axes')

plt.show()

#------------------------------------------------------------
#        END OF FILE : TEST2.PY
#******************************
``````

▲ 3D 绘制Surface

▲ 绘制3D球表面

(2) 举例

``````'''
***********
3D surface (color map)
***********
Demonstrates plotting a 3D surface colored with the coolwarm color map.
The surface is made opaque by using antialiased=False.
Also demonstrates using the LinearLocator and custom formatting for the
z axis tick labels.
'''

from mpl_toolkits.mplot3d import Axes3D
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from matplotlib import cm
from matplotlib.ticker import LinearLocator, FormatStrFormatter
import numpy as np

fig = plt.figure()
ax = fig.gca(projection='3d')

# Make data.
X = np.arange(-5, 5, 0.25)
Y = np.arange(-5, 5, 0.25)
X, Y = np.meshgrid(X, Y)
R = np.sqrt(X**2 + Y**2)
Z = np.sin(R)

# Plot the surface.
surf = ax.plot_surface(X, Y, Z, cmap=cm.coolwarm,
linewidth=0, antialiased=False)

# Customize the z axis.
ax.set_zlim(-1.01, 1.01)
ax.zaxis.set_major_locator(LinearLocator(10))
ax.zaxis.set_major_formatter(FormatStrFormatter('%.02f'))

# Add a color bar which maps values to colors.
fig.colorbar(surf, shrink=0.5, aspect=5)

plt.show()
``````

▲ 彩色表面绘制

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THE END