Bootstrap——制作个人简历网页、工具类【边框(添加、删除、颜色、圆角)、清除浮动、颜色(文本、链接、背景)、display属性、浮动、定位、文本对齐】

制作个人简历网页

代码:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
	<meta charset="UTF-8">
	<title></title>
	<meta name="viewport"
		content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no" />
	<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../css/bootstrap.min.css" />
	<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../css/font-awesome.min.css" />
	<style>
		.lbox {
			margin: 30px;
			padding: 10px;
		}

		.lbox.row {
			padding: 8px 0px;
		}

		.progress {
			margin-top: 5px;
		}

		.rbox {
			margin: 30px;
		}

		.rbox h4 {
			padding-bottom: 5px;
			color: #17a2b8;
			border-bottom: 1px solid #17a2b8
		}
	</style>
</head>

<body>
	<div class="container">
		<div class="row">
			<div class="col-sm-4 bg-info text-white left">
				<div class="lbok">
					<img src="images/1.jpg" class="img-fluid d-block m-auto" />
				</div>
				<div class="lbox">
					<p><i class="fa fa-user-o"></i>&nbsp;&nbsp;年龄:19</p>
					<p><i class="fa fa-id-card"></i>&nbsp;&nbsp;当前学历:专科</p>
					<p><i class="fa fa-user-circle-o"></i>&nbsp;&nbsp;政治面貌:团员</p>
					<p><i class="fa fa-wrench"></i>&nbsp;&nbsp;专业:计算机应用技术</p>
					<p><i class="fa fa-university"></i>&nbsp;&nbsp;学校:xxxxxx学院</p>
					<p><i class="fa fa-phone"></i>&nbsp;&nbsp;联系电话:12345678901</p>
					<p><i class="fa fa-envelope-o"></i>&nbsp;&nbsp;电子邮箱:[email protected]</p>
				</div>
				<div class="lbox">
					<h4>技能特长</h4>
					<div class="row">
						<div class="col-sm-4">
							<span>HTML</span>
						</div>
						<div class="col-sm-8">
							<div class="progress">
								<div class="progress-bar progress-bar-striped bg-success progress-bar-animated"
									style="width: 95%;">
								</div>
							</div>
						</div>
					</div>
					<div class="row">
						<div class="col-sm-4">
							<span>CSS3</span>
						</div>
						<div class="col-sm-8">
							<div class="progress">
								<div class="progress-bar progress-bar-striped bg-info progress-bar-animated"
									style="width: 90%;">
								</div>
							</div>
						</div>
					</div>
					<div class="row">
						<div class="col-sm-4">
							<span>JS</span>
						</div>
						<div class="col-sm-8">
							<div class="progress">
								<div class="progress-bar progress-bar-striped bg-secondary progress-bar-animated"
									style="width: 88%;">
								</div>
							</div>
						</div>
					</div>
					<div class="row">
						<div class="col-sm-4">
							<span>Bootstrap</span>
						</div>
						<div class="col-sm-8">
							<div class="progress">
								<div class="progress-bar progress-bar-striped bg-primary progress-bar-animated"
									style="width: 90%;">
								</div>
							</div>
						</div>
					</div>
				</div>
			</div>
			<div class="col-sm-8 border right">
				<div class="rbox">
					<h3>李肆</h3>
					<p>代码虐我千万遍,我待代码如初恋。</p>
				</div>
				<div class="rbox">
					<h4>求职意向</h4>
					<p>web前端开发工程师</p>
				</div>
				<div class="rbox">
					<h4>教育背景</h4>
					<p>2021.9-2023.6&nbsp;&nbsp;xxxxxxxxxxx计算机应用技术(专科)</p>
				</div>
				<div class="rbox">
					<h4>工作经验</h4>
					<p>2023.9-2024.6&nbsp;&nbsp;互联网科技公司&nbsp;&nbsp;web前段实习生</p>
					<p></p>
					<p>工作描述</p>
					<ul>
						<li>负责编写详细需求分析和客户管理模块;</li>
						<li>实现了客户添加、客户修改、客户删除、批量删除客户、分页等几大功能;</li>
						<li>分别用到JavaScript、jQuery等开发技术,现几大功能运行稳定,运算速度明显变快;</li>
					</ul>
				</div>
				<div class="rbox">
					<h4>自我评价</h4>
					<ol>
						<li>关注前端前沿技术,基本功扎实,熟悉应用jQuery,熟悉HTML5、CSS3等;</li>
						<li>熟悉应用常见的前端框架并掌握其原理,有组件化的思想,担当且创新;</li>
						<li>较强的学习能力和适应能力,良好的独立分析解决问题能力和逻辑分析思维;</li>
						<li>良好的团队沟通协作和服务意识,较强的工作执行力和抗压能力,愿与公司一同发展</li>
					</ol>
				</div>
			</div>
		</div>
	</div>
</body>

</html>

结果图:

 工具类

      Bootstrap提供了十几个辅助工具类,包括边框、清除浮动、颜色、display、浮动、定位、文本对齐等。在开发中可以直接应用这些类,让开发更加快捷和简单。

1.边框

       Bootstrap提供了边框类样式,可以快速地添加、删除边框,也可以设置边框的颜色,边框的圆角。
       Bootstrap给元素边框设置了.border基类,如果想要加其他的样式,都要在.border的基础上去添加。边框的样式可以组合使用,多个样式之间只需使用空格隔开即可。

给元素添加border类可以添加四个方向的边框。也可以设置某一个方向上的边框。

例:添加边框示例

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
	<head>
		<meta charset="UTF-8">
		<title></title>
		<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no" />
		<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../css/bootstrap.min.css"/>
		<script src="../js/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
		<script src="../js/bootstrap.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
		<style type="text/css">
			div{
				width: 100px;
				height: 100px;
				margin-right: 20px;
				float: left;
				background-color: #eee;
			}
		</style>
	</head>
	<body class="container">
		<h3>添加边框</h3>
		<div class="border border-success">四个边框</div>
		<div class="border-top border-success">上边框</div>
		<div class="border-right border-success">右边框</div>
		<div class="border-bottom border-success">下边框</div>
		<div class="border-left border-success">左边框</div>
	</body>
</html>

结果图:

给元素添加border-0类可以移除这四个方向的所有边框。也可以单独移除某一个方向上的边框。

例:删除边框 

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
	<head>
		<meta charset="UTF-8">
		<title></title>
		<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no" />
		<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../css/bootstrap.min.css"/>
		<script src="../js/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
		<script src="../js/bootstrap.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
		<style type="text/css">
			div{
				width: 100px;
				height: 100px;
				margin-right: 20px;
				float: left;
				background-color: #eee;
			}
		</style>
	</head>
	<body class="container">
		<h3>删除边框</h3>
		<div class="border border-0 border-success">无边框</div>
		<div class="border border-top-0 border-success">无上边框</div>
		<div class="border border-right-0 border-success">无右边框</div>
		<div class="border border-bottom-0 border-success">无下边框</div>
		<div class="border border-left-0 border-success">无左边框</div>
	</body>
</html>

结果图:

考虑到Bootstrap提供的.border类默认边框颜色是淡灰色,在实际开发中如果想要修改边框颜色,可以使用.border-*来设置想要的场景颜色。“*”的取值有: primary、secondary、success、danger、warning.info、ligit、dark、white

例:边框颜色示例

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
	<head>
		<meta charset="UTF-8">
		<title></title>
		<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no" />
		<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../css/bootstrap.min.css"/>
		<script src="../js/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
		<script src="../js/bootstrap.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
		<style type="text/css">
			div{
				width: 100px;
				height: 100px;
				margin-right: 20px;
				margin-bottom: 10px;
				float: left;
				background-color: #ddd;
			}
		</style>
	</head>
	<body class="container">
		<h3>边框颜色</h3>
		<div class="border border-primary"></div>
		<div class="border border-secondary"></div>
		<div class="border border-success"></div>
		<div class="border border-danger"></div>
		<div class="border border-warning"></div>
		<div class="border border-info"></div>
		<div class="border border-light"></div>
		<div class="border border-dark"></div>
		<div class="border border-white"></div>
	</body>
</html>

结果图:


 

给元素添加rounder类可以实现圆角边框的效果。也可以单独指定某一个方向上的圆角边框。
例:圆角边框示例

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
	<head>
		<meta charset="UTF-8">
		<title></title>
		<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no" />
		<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../css/bootstrap.min.css"/>
		<script src="../js/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
		<script src="../js/bootstrap.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
		<style type="text/css">
			div{
				width: 100px;
				height: 100px;
				margin-right: 20px;
				margin-bottom: 10px;
				float: left;
				background-color: #ddd;
			}
		</style>
	</head>
	<body class="container">
		<h3>圆角边框</h3>
		<div class="border border-primary rounded"></div>
		<div class="border border-primary rounded-0"></div>
		<div class="border border-primary rounded-top"></div>
		<div class="border border-primary rounded-right"></div>
		<div class="border border-primary rounded-bottom"></div>
		<div class="border border-primary rounded-left"></div>
		<div class="border border-primary rounded-circle"></div>
		<div class="border border-primary rounded-pill"></div>
	</body>
</html>

 结果图:

2.清除浮动 

通过添加.clearfix工具类,可以快速轻松地清除容器中浮动的内容。为父元素添加.clearfix可以很容易地清除浮动。
例:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
	<head>
		<meta charset="UTF-8">
		<title></title>
		<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no" />
		<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../css/bootstrap.min.css"/>
		<script src="../js/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
		<script src="../js/bootstrap.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
	</head>
	<body class="container">
		<div class="border clearfix">
			<div class="bg-info p-3 float-left">向左浮动(float)的div</div>
			<div class="bg-info p-3 float-right">向右浮动(float)的div</div>
		</div>
	</body>
</html>

结果图:

3.颜色 

可以使用.text-*将文本设置为指定的颜色。
.text-light和.text-white在白色背景下看不清楚,可以设置一个黑色的背景来辅助查看效果。
可以使用.text-white-数值和.text-black-数值来设置颜色的透明度效果,后面的数值表示的是透明度。如.text-white-50和.text-black-50,分别表示透明度为0.5的白色或黑色文本。

例:文本颜色示例

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
	<head>
		<meta charset="UTF-8">
		<title></title>
		<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no" />
		<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../css/bootstrap.min.css"/>
		<script src="../js/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
		<script src="../js/bootstrap.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
	</head>
	<body class="container">
		<p class="text-primary">text-primary</p>
		<p class="text-secondary">text-secondary</p>
		<p class="text-success">text-success</p>
		<p class="text-danger">text-danger</p>
		<p class="text-warning">text-warning</p>
		<p class="text-info">text-info</p>
		<p class="text-light bg-dark">text-light</p>
		<p class="text-dark">text-dark</p>
		<p class="text-muted">text-muted</p>
		<p class="text-white bg-dark">text-white</p>
		<p class="text-black-50">text-black-50</p>
		<p class="text-white-50 bg-dark">text-white-50</p>
	</body>
</html>

结果图:


 

例:链接颜色示例 

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title></title>
    <meta name="viewport"
        content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no" />
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../css/bootstrap.min.css" />
    <script src="../js/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
    <script src="../js/bootstrap.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
</head>

<body class="container">
    <p><a href="#" class="text-primary">Primary link</a></p>
    <p><a href="#" class="text-secondary">Secondary link</a></p>
    <p><a href="#" class="text-success">Success link</a></p>
    <p><a href="#" class="text-danger">Danger link</a></p>
    <p><a href="#" class="text-warning">Warning link</a></p>
    <p><a href="#" class="text-info">Info link</a></p>
    <p><a href="#" class="text-light bg-dark">Light link</a></p>
    <p><a href="#" class="text-dark">Dark link</a></p>
    <p><a href="#" class="text-muted">Muted link</a></p>
    <p><a href="#" class="text-white bg-dark">White link</a></p>
</body>

</html>

结果图:

 Bootstrap中定义了一套类名,用来设置文本背景色

例:背景颜色示例

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
	<head>
		<meta charset="UTF-8">
		<title></title>
		<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no" />
		<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../css/bootstrap.min.css"/>
		<script src="../js/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
		<script src="../js/bootstrap.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
	</head>
	<body class="container">
		<p class="bg-primary text-white">text-primary</p>
		<p class="bg-secondary text-white">text-secondary</p>
		<p class="bg-success text-white">text-success</p>
		<p class="bg-danger text-white">text-danger</p>
		<p class="bg-warning text-white">text-warning</p>
		<p class="bg-info text-white">text-info</p>
		<p class="bg-light ">text-light</p>
		<p class="bg-dark text-white">text-dark</p>
		<p class="bg-white">text-body</p>
	</body>
</html>

 结果图:

4.display属性

通过给元素添加display属性类,可以快速的切换元素的显示或隐藏等状态。
例:display属性示例

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
	<head>
		<meta charset="UTF-8">
		<title></title>
		<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no" />
		<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../css/bootstrap.min.css"/>
		<script src="../js/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
		<script src="../js/bootstrap.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
	</head>
	<body class="container">
		<h3>div元素显示为inline</h3>
		<div class="d-inline mr-4 bg-primary">div显示为d-inline</div>
		<div class="d-inline bg-primary">div显示为d-inline</div>
		<h3>span元素显示block</h3>
		<div class="d-block bg-info">d-block</div>
		<div class="d-block bg-secondary">d-block</div>
	</body>
</html>

结果图:

 例:响应式的隐藏或显示示例。

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>

<head>
	<meta charset="UTF-8">
	<title></title>
	<meta name="viewport"
		content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no" />
	<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../css/bootstrap.min.css" />
	<script src="../js/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
	<script src="../js/bootstrap.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
</head>

<body class="container">
	<h3>响应式切换显示或隐藏</h3>
	<div class="d-none d-md-block">
		在md 、lg、xl、上显示,在xs、sm、上隐藏
	</div>
	<div class="d-md-none">
		在xs、sm、上显示,在md 、lg、xl、上隐藏
	</div>
</body>

</html>

结果图:

 

 5.浮动

       使用Bootstrap提供的float浮动通用样式,可以实现往左或往右浮动。也可以在任何设备断点上切换浮动,即实现响应式切换浮动。

例:浮动示例

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
	<head>
		<meta charset="UTF-8">
		<title></title>
		<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no" />
		<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../css/bootstrap.min.css"/>
		<script src="../js/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
		<script src="../js/bootstrap.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
	</head>
	<body class="container">
		<div class="float-left p-4 bg-info">
			往左浮动
		</div>
		<div class="float-right p-4 bg-info">
			往右浮动
		</div>
	</body>
</html>

结果图:


 

例:响应式浮动示例

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
	<head>
		<meta charset="UTF-8">
		<title></title>
		<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no" />
		<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../css/bootstrap.min.css"/>
		<script src="../js/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
		<script src="../js/bootstrap.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
	</head>
	<body class="container">
		<div class="float-md-left w-50 bg-primary">div1</div>
		<div class="float-md-left w-50 bg-info">div2</div>
		<div class="float-md-left w-50 bg-success">div3</div>
	</body>
</html>

 结果图:

6.定位 

 Boostrap提供了定位属性类可以实现对元素的位置进行设定,包括将元素固定在顶部、固定在底部以及定位。

例:定位示例

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
	<head>
		<meta charset="UTF-8">
		<title></title>
		<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no" />
		<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../css/bootstrap.min.css"/>
		<script src="../js/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
		<script src="../js/bootstrap.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
	</head>
	<body class="container">
		<nav class="sticky-top bg-info p-4 mb-3">导航栏固定顶部</nav>
		<div class="bg-secondary">
			<p>段落</p>
			<p>段落</p>
			<p>段落</p>
			<p>段落</p>
			<p>段落</p>
			<p>段落</p>
			<p>段落</p>
			<p>段落</p>
		</div>
	</body>
</html>

结果图:

 7.文本对齐

      Bootstrap定义了一些样式类,用来控制文本的水平对齐方式,包括左对齐、右对齐、居中对齐,两端对齐。


 

例:文本对齐示例

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
	<head>
		<meta charset="UTF-8">
		<title></title>
		<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width,initial-scale=1,minimum-scale=1,maximum-scale=1,user-scalable=no" />
		<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../css/bootstrap.min.css"/>
		<script src="../js/jquery.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
		<script src="../js/bootstrap.min.js" type="text/javascript" charset="utf-8"></script>
	</head>
	<body class="container">
		<p class="text-left bg-primary">左对齐</p>
		<p class="text-center bg-primary">居中对齐</p>
		<p class="text-right bg-primary">右对齐</p>
		<p class="text-sm-left bg-primary">在sm(small) or wider 视口上左对齐</p>
		<p class="text-md-center bg-primary">在md(medium) or wider 视口上居中对齐</p>
		<p class="text-lg-right bg-primary">在lg(large) or wider 视口上右对齐</p>
	</body>
</html>

 结果图:

 

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