LNMP安装

安装 Nginx 服务

1、关闭防火墙

[root@localhost ~]# systemctl stop firewalld
[root@localhost ~]# systemctl disable firewalld
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/firewalld.service.
Removed symlink /etc/systemd/system/dbus-org.fedoraproject.FirewallD1.service.
[root@localhost ~]# setenforce 0

 2、安装依赖包

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install pcre-devel zlib-devel gcc gcc-c++ make

3、创建运行用户

[root@localhost ~]# useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin nginx

4、编译安装

[root@localhost ~]# cd /opt/
[root@localhost opt]# tar zxvf nginx-1.12.0.tar.gz -C /opt/

[root@localhost opt]# cd nginx-1.12.0/
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.0]# ./configure 
> --prefix=/usr/local/nginx 
> --user=nginx 
> --group=nginx 
> --with-http_stub_status_module

[root@localhost nginx-1.12.0]# make && make install

5、优化路径

[root@localhost nginx-1.12.0]# ln -s /usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx /usr/local/sbin/

6、添加 Nginx 系统服务

[root@localhost nginx-1.12.0]# vim /lib/systemd/system/nginx.service

[Unit]
Description=nginx
After=network.target
[Service]
Type=forking
PIDFile=/usr/local/nginx/logs/nginx.pid
ExecStart=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx
ExecReload=/bin/kill -s HUP $MAINPID
ExecStop=/bin/kill -s QUIT $MAINPID
PrivateTmp=true
[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

[root@localhost nginx-1.12.0]# chmod 754 /lib/systemd/system/nginx.service
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.0]# systemctl start nginx.service
[root@localhost nginx-1.12.0]# systemctl enable nginx.service

安装 MySQL 服务

1、安装Mysql环境依赖包

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install 
> ncurses 
> ncurses-devel 
> bison 
> cmake

 2、创建运行用户

[root@localhost ~]# useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin  mysql

3、编译安装

[root@localhost ~]# cd /opt
[root@localhost opt]# tar zxvf mysql-boost-5.7.20.tar.gz

[root@localhost opt]# cd /opt/mysql-5.7.20/
[root@localhost mysql-5.7.20]# cmake 
> -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql 
> -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock 
> -DSYSCONFDIR=/etc 
> -DSYSTEMD_PID_DIR=/usr/local/mysql 
> -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8  
> -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci 
> -DWITH_EXTRA_CHARSETS=all 
> -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 
> -DWITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 
> -DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 
> -DWITH_PERFSCHEMA_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 
> -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql/data 
> -DWITH_BOOST=boost 
> -DWITH_SYSTEMD=1

[root@localhost mysql-5.7.20]# make -j 4 && make install

4、修改mysql 配置文件

[root@localhost mysql-5.7.20]# vim /etc/my.cnf

[client]
port = 3306
socket=/usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock

[mysqld]
user = mysql
basedir=/usr/local/mysql
datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data
port = 3306
character-set-server=utf8
pid-file = /usr/local/mysql/mysqld.pid
socket=/usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock
bind-address = 0.0.0.0
skip-name-resolve
max_connections=2048
default-storage-engine=INNODB
max_allowed_packet=16M
server-id = 1

sql_mode=NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION,STRICT_TRANS_TABLES,NO_AUTO_CREATE_USER,NO_AUTO_VALUE_ON_ZERO,NO_ZERO_IN_DATE,NO_ZERO_DATE,ERROR_FOR_DIVISION_BY_ZERO,PIPES_AS_CONCAT,ANSI_QUOTES

5、更改mysql安装目录和配置文件的属主属组

[root@localhost mysql-5.7.20]# chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql/
[root@localhost mysql-5.7.20]# chown mysql:mysql /etc/my.cnf

6、设置路径环境变量

[root@localhost mysql-5.7.20]# echo 'export PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin:/usr/local/mysql/lib:$PATH' >> /etc/profile
[root@localhost mysql-5.7.20]# source /etc/profile

 7、初始化数据库

[root@localhost mysql-5.7.20]# cd /usr/local/mysql/bin/
[root@localhost bin]# ./mysqld 
> --initialize-insecure 
> --user=mysql 
> --basedir=/usr/local/mysql 
> --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data

8、添加mysqld系统服务

[root@localhost bin]# cp /usr/local/mysql/usr/lib/systemd/system/mysqld.service /usr/lib/systemd/system/
[root@localhost bin]# systemctl daemon-reload
[root@localhost bin]# systemctl start mysqld.service
[root@localhost bin]# systemctl enable mysqld
Created symlink from /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/mysqld.service to /usr/lib/systemd/system/mysqld.service.

9、修改mysql 的登录密码

[root@localhost bin]# mysqladmin -u root -p password "abc123"
Enter password:

 10、授权远程登录

[root@localhost bin]# mysql -u root -p
Enter password: 

mysql> 

安装配置 PHP 解析环境

1、安装环境依赖包

[root@localhost bin]# yum -y install gd 
> libjpeg libjpeg-devel 
> libpng libpng-devel 
> freetype freetype-devel 
> libxml2 libxml2-devel 
> zlib zlib-devel 
> curl curl-devel 
> openssl openssl-devel

 2、编译安装

[root@localhost ~]# cd /opt/
[root@localhost opt]# tar jxvf php-7.1.10.tar.bz2

[root@localhost opt]# cd php-7.1.10
[root@localhost php-7.1.10]# ./configure 
> --prefix=/usr/local/php 
> --with-mysql-sock=/usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock 
> --with-mysqli 
> --with-zlib 
> --with-curl 
> --with-gd 
> --with-jpeg-dir 
> --with-png-dir 
> --with-freetype-dir 
> --with-openssl 
> --enable-fpm 
> --enable-mbstring 
> --enable-xml 
> --enable-session 
> --enable-ftp 
> --enable-pdo 
> --enable-tokenizer 
> --enable-zip

[root@localhost php-7.1.10]# make -j2 && make install

 3、路径优化

[root@localhost php-7.1.10]# ln -s /usr/local/php/bin/* /usr/local/bin/
[root@localhost php-7.1.10]# ln -s /usr/local/php/sbin/* /usr/local/sbin/

4、调整PHP配置文件

调整主配置文件:

[root@localhost ~]# cp /opt/php-7.1.10/php.ini-development /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini
[root@localhost ~]# vim /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini

--1170行--修改
mysqli.default_socket = /usr/local/mysql/mysql.sock
--939行--取消注释,修改
date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai
[root@localhost ~]# php -m 

 调整进程服务配置文件:

[root@localhost ~]# cd /usr/local/php/etc/
[root@localhost etc]# cp  php-fpm.conf.default php-fpm.conf
[root@localhost etc]# vim php-fpm.conf

--17行--去掉";"注释
pid = run/php-fpm.pi

调整扩展配置文件:

[root@localhost etc]# cd /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.d/
[root@localhost php-fpm.d]# cp www.conf.default www.conf

 5、启动php-fpm

[root@localhost php-fpm.d]# /usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm -c /usr/local/php/lib/php.ini
[root@localhost php-fpm.d]# netstat -anpt | grep 9000
tcp        0      0 127.0.0.1:9000          0.0.0.0:*               LISTEN      42128/php-fpm: mast 
[root@localhost php-fpm.d]# cd /opt/php-7.1.10/sapi/fpm
[root@localhost fpm]# cp php-fpm.service /usr/lib/systemd/system/php-fpm.service
[root@localhost fpm]# systemctl restart php-fpm.service

 6、配置 Nginx 支持 PHP 解析

[root@localhost fpm]# vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

--65行--取消注释,修改
location ~ .php$ {
	root           html;
	fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
	fastcgi_index  index.php;
	fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /usr/local/nginx/html$fastcgi_script_name;	#将 /scripts 修改为nginx的工作目录
   #fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;  #$document_root 代表当前请求在root指令中指定的值
	include        fastcgi_params;
}

[root@localhost fpm]# systemctl restart nginx.service

 7、验证PHP 测试页

[root@localhost fpm]# vim /usr/local/nginx/html/index.php

<?php
phpinfo();
?>

 8、验证数据库工作是否正常

[root@localhost ~]# mysql -u root -p
Enter password: 
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or g.
Your MySQL connection id is 11
Server version: 5.7.20 Source distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or 'h' for help. Type 'c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> CREATE DATABASE bbs;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> GRANT all ON bbs.* TO 'bbsuser'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'admin123';
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.01 sec)

mysql> GRANT all ON bbs.* TO 'bbsuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'admin123';
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 2 warnings (0.00 sec)

mysql> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> quit
Bye

[root@localhost ~]# vim /usr/local/nginx/html/index.php

<?php
$link=mysqli_connect('172.16.100.100','bbsuser','admin123');
if($link) echo "<h1>Success!!</h1>";
else echo "Fail!!";
?>

 

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