Hyperledger2.0 链码安装

简介

以Hyperldger2.0为例,链码的安装主要分为以下几部分:

  1. package :打包源代码
  2. install: 安装链码
  3. approveformyorg: 节点所在组织审批链码
  4. commit: 提交链码
    在完成之后可以执行链码的查询和调用

package

  • 首先需要对合约进行编译,首先把我们写的go语言合约放到chaincode下新建的test文件夹下。
[email protected]:/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric-samples/chaincode/test# pwd
/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric-samples/chaincode/test
[email protected]:/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric-samples/chaincode/test# ls
CaAndFakeName.go
[email protected]:/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric-samples/chaincode/test# 
  • 执行命令go mod init 生成go.mod
[email protected]:/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric-samples/chaincode/test# go mod init
go: creating new go.mod: module github.com/hyperledger/fabric-samples/chaincode/test
[email protected]:/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric-samples/chaincode/test# ls
CaAndFakeName.go  go.mod
  • 执行命令go run CaAndFakeName.go 生成go.sum
[email protected]:/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric-samples/chaincode/test# go run CaAndFakeName.go 
Error starting UserCA chaincode: 'CORE_CHAINCODE_ID_NAME' must be [email protected]:/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric-samples/chaincode/test# ls
CaAndFakeName.go  go.mod  go.sum

上述的CORE_CHAINCODE_ID_NAME不设置不影响链码部署和执行。

  • 执行命令GO111MODULE=on go mod vendor 生成vendor包
[email protected]:/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric-samples/chaincode/test# GO111MODULE=on go mod vendor
[email protected]:/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric-samples/chaincode/test# ls
CaAndFakeName.go  go.mod  go.sum  vendor
  • 将我们编译好的智能合约打包到容器内,执行命令如下:
docker exec cli peer lifecycle chaincode package $1.tar.gz 
	--path github.com/hyperledger/fabric-samples/chaincode/$3 
       	--label $1_$2

上述参数定义为(下面的参数与此相同):

  • $1表示我们自定义的合约打包的名字如(mycc.tar.gz 则参数1为mycc)。
  • $2代表我们链码的版本开始时一般为1,后续如果需要升级合约可依次为2、3、4……。
  • $3代表我们链码放的位置(对应上文编译时为test文件夹,则参数2为test)。

install

在完成打包后执行安装命令(安装到示例网络的两个组织的节点上)如下:

  • 节点1,msp配置文件、address、tls配置文件默认为peer0.org1不用添加
docker exec cli peer lifecycle chaincode install $1.tar.gz
  • 节点2,因为时在cli容器执行需要添加指定的文件路径
docker exec 
	-e CORE_PEER_MSPCONFIGPATH=/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp 
	-e CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=peer0.org2.example.com:9051 
	-e CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID="Org2MSP" 
	-e CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/ca.crt 
	cli peer lifecycle chaincode install $1.tar.gz

上述安装成功的话会输出链码的package_id如下:

3cd7767df34500f3d72faf7efd9774fbd72da4be0696b37022007mycc_1" > 
2022-01-04 14:13:44.443 UTC [cli.lifecycle.chaincode] submitInstallProposal -> INFO 002 Chaincode code package identifier: mycc_1:cb23fa9b0bace2c353cd7767df34500f3d72faf7efd9774fbd72da4be0696b37

package identifier: mycc_1:cb23fa9b0bace2c353cd7767df34500f3d72faf7efd9774fbd72da4be0696b37我们下文需要使用.

approveformyorg

在完成安装命令之后需要组织进行同意命令如下:

  • peer0.org1执行命令
docker exec cli peer lifecycle chaincode approveformyorg 
	--tls 
	--cafile /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem 
	--channelID mychannel --name $1 --version $2 
	--init-required --sequence $2 --waitForEvent --package-id $4
  • peer0.org2执行命令
docker exec 
	-e CORE_PEER_MSPCONFIGPATH=/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp 
	-e CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=peer0.org2.example.com:9051 
	-e CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID="Org2MSP" 
	-e CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/ca.crt 
	cli peer lifecycle chaincode approveformyorg 
	--tls 
	--cafile /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem 
	--channelID $4 --name $3 --version $2 --init-required 
	--sequence $2 --waitForEvent --package-id $1

上述参数$4就是上文中生成的package identifier。

commit

在完成组织审批之后,需要执行链码向orderer节点进行提交执行如下命令:

docker exec cli peer lifecycle chaincode commit -o orderer.example.com:7050 
	--tls 
	--cafile /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem 
	--peerAddresses peer0.org1.example.com:7051 
	--tlsRootCertFiles /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/tls/ca.crt 
	--peerAddresses peer0.org2.example.com:9051 
	--tlsRootCertFiles /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/ca.crt 
	--channelID $4 --name $3 --version $2 --sequence $2 --init-required

上述命令成功执行完输出如下表明链码安装成功。

2022-01-04 14:20:56.239 UTC [cli.lifecycle.chaincode] setOrdererClient -> INFO 001 Retrieved channel (mychannel) orderer endpoint: orderer.example.com:7050
2022-01-04 14:20:58.526 UTC [chaincodeCmd] ClientWait -> INFO 002 txid [4e000545094b9b09c359a6f54d00e7a8efddf78e125e75ad25a3b14eb5d98885] committed with status (VALID) at 
approced on org2 successful
2022-01-04 14:21:01.520 UTC [chaincodeCmd] ClientWait -> INFO 001 txid [5243ea90c3bc104e3998707e5859857f01fb360e38d3d325d8761c84ae455f6c] committed with status (VALID) at peer0.org1.example.com:7051
2022-01-04 14:21:01.522 UTC [chaincodeCmd] ClientWait -> INFO 002 txid [5243ea90c3bc104e3998707e5859857f01fb360e38d3d325d8761c84ae455f6c] committed with status (VALID) at peer0.org2.example.com:9051
commit successful
2022-01-04 14:21:05.637 UTC [chaincodeCmd] chaincodeInvokeOrQuery -> INFO 001 Chaincode invoke successful. result: status:200

以上就是fabric2.0中安装一个链码的正常步骤。
下面是我封装的安装链码的两个sh文件,可以简化终端输入

  • 文件1是对步骤package和install的命令封装。
function help(){
        echo "para1-----package_name"
        echo "para2-----chaincode_id"
        echo "para3-----chaincode_dir"
}
if [ $1 == "help" -o $1 == "h" -o $1 == "-h" -o $1 == "-help" ]; then
        help
        exit 1
fi
if [ $# -ne 3 ]; then
        echo "You need to enter three para3"
        exit 1
fi
#打包
docker exec cli peer lifecycle chaincode package $1.tar.gz 
        --path github.com/hyperledger/fabric-samples/chaincode/$3 
        --label $1_$2
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
        echo "package error"
        exit 1
fi
docker exec cli ls
docker exec cli peer lifecycle chaincode install $1.tar.gz
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
        echo "install on org1 error"
        exit 1
fi
echo "install on org1 successful"
docker exec 
        -e CORE_PEER_MSPCONFIGPATH=/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp 
        -e CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=peer0.org2.example.com:9051 
        -e CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID="Org2MSP" 
        -e CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/ca.crt 
        cli peer lifecycle chaincode install $1.tar.gz
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
        echo "install on org2 error"
        exit 1
fi

linux执行命令为如下:sh 文件名.sh $1 $2 $3需要注意将输出的package identifier使用变量记录下来,文件2需要使用此参数

  • 文件2是对步骤approveformyorg和commit的命令封装。
function help(){
        echo "para1-----package_id"
        echo "para2-----chaincode_id"
        echo "para3-----chaincode_name"
        echo "para4-----channel_name"
}
if [ $1 == "help" -o $1 == "h" -o $1 == "-h" -o $1 == "-help" ]; then
        help
        exit 1
fi
docker exec cli peer lifecycle chaincode approveformyorg 
        --tls 
        --cafile /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem 
        --channelID $4 --name $3 --version $2 
        --init-required --sequence $2 --waitForEvent --package-id $1
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
        echo "approve failed for org1"
        exit 1
fi
echo "approved on org1 successful "
docker exec 
        -e CORE_PEER_MSPCONFIGPATH=/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/users/[email protected]/msp 
        -e CORE_PEER_ADDRESS=peer0.org2.example.com:9051 
        -e CORE_PEER_LOCALMSPID="Org2MSP" 
        -e CORE_PEER_TLS_ROOTCERT_FILE=/opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/ca.crt 
        cli peer lifecycle chaincode approveformyorg 
        --tls 
        --cafile /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem 
        --channelID $4 --name $3 --version $2 --init-required 
        --sequence $2 --waitForEvent --package-id $1
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
        echo "approve failed for org2"
        exit 1
fi
echo "approced on org2 successful"
docker exec cli peer lifecycle chaincode commit -o orderer.example.com:7050 
        --tls 
        --cafile /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/ordererOrganizations/example.com/orderers/orderer.example.com/msp/tlscacerts/tlsca.example.com-cert.pem 
        --peerAddresses peer0.org1.example.com:7051 
        --tlsRootCertFiles /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/peerOrganizations/org1.example.com/peers/peer0.org1.example.com/tls/ca.crt 
        --peerAddresses peer0.org2.example.com:9051 
        --tlsRootCertFiles /opt/gopath/src/github.com/hyperledger/fabric/peer/crypto/peerOrganizations/org2.example.com/peers/peer0.org2.example.com/tls/ca.crt 
        --channelID $4 --name $3 --version $2 --sequence $2 --init-required
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
        echo "commit failed"
        exit 1
fi
echo "commit successful"

linux执行命令为如下sh 文件名.sh 参数1 参数2 参数3 参数4 参数1为上文输出的package identifier。

本图文内容来源于网友网络收集整理提供,作为学习参考使用,版权属于原作者。
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